Bouwnummer RDM-107, s.s. "Breda", 1921, vracht-passagiersschip.

Foto boven: Het vracht-passagiersschip s.s. "Breda" (1921) van de Koninklijke Nederlandsche Stoomboot Maatschappij.

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Scheepswerf: NW.
Opdrachtgever: Koninklijke Nederlandsche Stoomboot Maatschappij, Amsterdam.
Tonnage: 6941 brt, 9850 dwt, 14024 twvp.
Hoofdafmetingen: L = 122,69 m, B = 17,78 m, H = 11,30 m, d = 7,25 m.
Voortstuwing: Vickers hoge en lage druk turbine met 4 stoomketels, 3200 apk, proeftochtsnelheid 15 kn.
Verdere gegevens: Roepletters PDGH.
Shelterdek stoomschip met 5 laadruimen en 22 lieren. Het schip kon 12 hutpassagiers en 75 dekpassagiers vervoeren.

Historie:
Kiellegging op 16-12-1919, tewaterlating op 02-07-1921 en oplevering op 10-12-1921.
Op 18-03-1929, tijdens een reis van Cooal naar Amsterdam, brak er brand uit aan boord in positie 44°20' NB en 27°50' WL. De sleepboot "Zwarte Zee" werd vanuit de Azoren ter assistentie gestuurd. Op 20-03-1929 kwam de sleepboot met het schip op de Azoren aan. De brand werd met stoom geblust.
Op 23-12-1940, tijdens een reis van Londen naar Bombay met een lading cement en stukgoed, werd het schip op de Oban Roads aan de Westkust van Schotland door Duitse vliegtuigen tot zinken gebracht in positie 56°29' NB en 05°25' WL. Het schip ligt daar op de zeebodem en er wordt nog steeds naar het wrak gedoken.

Citaten:
- www.wrecksite.eu, Racey Carl, 23-12-2010:
... ... The S.S. “BREDA”.
This single screw cargo steamer was built at Schiedam in 1921 for the Royal Netherlands Steamship Co. She was 402 feet long, with a beam of 58 feet, loaded draft was 38 feet and the gross tonnage was 6941. Her large cargo capacity made her a useful member of the fleet and served her owners successfully until 1940. Following the fall of the Netherlands to the advancing Germans, the BREDA reached the UK and she was put under the control of P & O to assist with the war effort.
She was painted an overall drab grey and armed with a solitary 4.7 inch (‘Woolworth’) gun on the poop. On 23 December 1940 she was at anchor off Lismore. She had loaded a mixed cargo in London and come to join other vessels to sail in a convoy; she was bound for Mombasa, Karachi and Bombay. During the evening, a group of Heinkel III bombers were spotted by the Royal Observer Corps on the Easdale Island, heading north towards Oban, and, although the alarm was raised, the convoy could not be warned in time. The ship was not actually hit but a couple of bombs just missed and an important seawater intake pipe was fractured and she began to take water. Within 15 minutes, Captain Fooy ordered the boats lowered.
An Admiralty tug came alongside and helped to run the ship aground on a 3 fathom shoal just off Rubha Garbhaird Point. The 10 horses being carried in boxes as deck cargo were released to swim ashore. It was decided that the ship and cargo could be salvaged and some of the cargo was recovered during Christmas Eve. However, a storm hit the coast during the operation and the ship was driven forward off the shoal and in to deeper water, were she sank. Although her funnel and masts remained above water for many years, she seems to have largely forgotten. The Royal Navy were asked by the Northern Lighthouse Board to sweep the wreck to 28 feet as she was a hazard to shipping. Since 1986, the wreck has become a popular site for sub-aqua divers. ... ...

- www.wrecksite.eu, Lettens Jan, 23-12-2010:
... ... "Breda" SS, a 6.941 ton single-funnel Dutch steamer, built in Holland, 1921. 418 ft x 58 ft. Armed: 4.7 inch on stern. 3.000 tons cement, 175 tons tobacco and cigarettes, three Hawker biplanes, 30 De Havilland Tiger Moths, spare parts for the aircraft, Army lorries and spares, NAAFI crockery, copper ingots, rubber-soled sandals, 10 horses and nine dogs, London for Bombay.
Sunk: 23 December, 1940, by near-misses from German Heinkel 111 bomber. Bombs broke piping in engine room and ship flooded. Taken in tow and beached in Ardmucknish Bay. Little salvage before Breda slipped into deep water. ... ...


Artikelen:
- Nieuwe schepen, Het Schip: 107-HS.pdf.

Meer foto's:
- Foto 1: Het s.s. "Breda".
- Foto 2: De plaats van het wrak van s.s. "Breda".
- Foto 3: Het s.s. "Breda".
- Foto 4: Het s.s. "Breda".
- Foto 5: Het s.s. "Breda", in 1945 met een lading koeien.
- Foto 6: Het s.s. "Breda", in 1945 bezig met vrachtwagens (Bedfords) te lossen voor Amsterdam.

Bronnen:
- Artikelen hierboven.
- http://www.shipwrecksofscotland.com/ss_breda.htm.
- http://www.wrecksite.eu/ownerBuilderView.aspx?1877.
- http://www.kombuispraat.com/viewtopic.php?f=1&t=1002&start=768.
- R.E. Zwama, Rotterdam, website: http://www.zwama.de/shiplover/.

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